Somalia’s leaders announced on Sunday they had struck a deal to wrap up parliamentary elections by February 25, after repeated delays that have threatened the stability of the troubled country.
The agreement was reached after several days of talks hosted by Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble with state leaders to defuse a bitter political crisis.
“The continuing election of the House of the People (lower house) will be completed between the periods of January 15 and February 25, 2022,” said authorities after the talks in the capital Mogadishu.
Mr Roble and Somalia’s President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, better known by his nickname Farmaajo, have long been at loggerheads over the long-delayed elections, with fears their squabbling could erupt into violence.
The international community has voiced its alarm over the crisis, fearing for the fate of the fragile Horn of Africa nation as it continues to battle a deadly insurgency by Al Shabab militants.
The long-running dispute between the two leaders erupted again last month when Mr Mohamed suspended Mr Roble, the man he had himself chosen as premier in September 2020.
But Mr Roble defied the order, accusing the president of breaching the constitution and carrying out a coup attempt, while troops loyal to him patrolled the streets of the capital.
Mr Mohamed – whose term as president ended almost a year ago – faced calls from opposition leaders to vacate his office and for him to face an investigation into his actions.
Mr Roble has insisted that Mr Mohamed restore his powers before the elections can resume, and accused the president of using the armed forces to exert influence over the process.
A man passes in front of the rubble of the popular Medina hotel of Kismayo. AFP
“Members of the armed forces must be neutral about the political matters and be confined to fulfilling their duties to protect the nation while abiding by the law of the country,” Sunday’s statement said.
“Amisom peacekeeping forces should enforce security at the presidential palace, the statement added, referring to the African Union mission in Somalia.
Mr Mohamed’s four-year mandate expired in February, but was controversially extended by parliament in April, leading to deadly gun battles on the streets of Mogadishu.
Mr Roble then brokered a new timetable to a vote, but in the months that followed, the pair’s rivalry derailed the polls again.
As the various crises have played out, fighters from the Al Qaeda-linked Al Shabab are continuing to wage deadly attacks, and last month raided a town near the capital.
Somalia has not held a one-man one-vote election in 50 years.
Voting follows a complex indirect model, whereby state legislatures and clan delegates pick lawmakers for the national parliament, who in turn choose the president.
Nearly 30,000 clan delegates are assigned to choose the 275 MPs for the lower house, while Somalia’s five state legislatures elect senators for the 54-member upper house.
Updated: January 10th 2022, 7:00 AM