UN Human Right world Report (2018) accuses Somali Intelligence Agency (NISA) for arbitrarily arrest, unlawful killings. The government and its agent reportedly committed arbitrary or unlawful killings, most commonly after arrest and trial without due process.
The report discusses human right status in Somalia for the year 2018. Report states that “Fighting, insecurity and lack of state protection, and recurring humanitarian crises had a devastating impact on Somali civilians in 2018. The number of internally displaced people, many living unassisted and at risk of serious abuse, reached an estimated 2.7 million”
Although the interim Somali constitution prohibits arbitrary arrest and detention, the practices occurred frequently during 2018 reporting. The government and its agents harassed, detained, abused, and prosecuted media groups such as editors, and journalists, including those involved in internet-based media, for their reporting.
Report also talked about the challenges faced by the population living under AL Shabab authority. “The Islamist armed group Al-Shabab subjected people living under its control to harsh treatment, forced recruitment, and carried out deadly attacks targeting civilians”
In 2018, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) reported more than 1000 civilian casualties by October. “over half from Al-Shabaab attacks. Inter-clan and intra-security force violence, along with sporadic military operations against Al-Shabab by Somali government forces, African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops, and other foreign forces, resulted in deaths, injuries, and displacement of civilians”.
On the protection for the civilian Somali government fail to finalize the composition of the human commission. “The government has yet to fully endorse the list of nominees for the country’s first independent Human Rights Council and has made no tangible progress reining in abusive security forces, notably the intelligence agency, or ending repeated forced evictions of the country’s displaced people.”.
While Somali partners expressed concerns about the abuse of Somali security Agency, sadly Somali government has not implemented any viable reform “authorities and Somalia’s international partners committed to building an accountable national security sector, but the federal government failed to pass legislation clarifying the mandate of the intelligence agency”.
Despite Somalia being admitted to the UN Human Rights Council, the United Nations body responsible for promoting and protecting all human rights around the globe, yet the Somalia government under President Farmaajo continue to commit human rights abuses across Somalia with impunity.
UN Human Rights Council is expected to issued 2018/2019 report is in the next few weeks. The new report will certain cover the 2018 human abuses that took place in Baydhabo.