In recent developments surrounding the Puntland elections in Somalia, SRSG (Special Representative of the Secretary-General) Catriona Laing’s visit to Garowe last week has sparked controversy. During her visit, Laing is perceived to have indirectly endorsed the President of Puntland’s plan to conduct the election based on a one-person-one-vote system. This stance is at odds with the preferences of the opposition and various stakeholders in Puntland, who are advocating for a traditional election approach.
In Puntland, the traditional election system involves the significant participation of elders and is deeply rooted in the region’s socio-political fabric. The elders, along with all political parties in Puntland, have collectively endorsed the traditional election method. This consensus among local stakeholders reflects the societal norms and cultural values that guide political processes in the region.
The current President of Puntland’s decision to change the election date from January 8, 2024, to March 2024 has been seen by some as a strategic move to extend his tenure. This shift in the election timeline, coupled with the advocacy for a one-person-one-vote system, is viewed by critics as an attempt to manipulate the electoral process to his advantage.
SRSG Laing’s perceived support for the President’s election plan has raised concerns about the role of international actors in local political affairs. Critics argue that such endorsements from international figures could further complicate the already delicate political situation in Puntland. The intervention by external entities in local election matters is often a sensitive issue, as it can be seen as undermining the autonomy and cultural practices of the region.
The situation in Puntland highlights the complexities of balancing traditional practices with modern electoral systems in regions with unique cultural and political landscapes. It also underscores the challenges faced by international representatives in engaging with local politics in a manner that respects the autonomy and traditions of the region while promoting democratic principles.
As the election date approaches, the tension between the proposed one-person-one-vote system and the traditional election method preferred by the opposition and elders remains a critical issue. The outcome of this debate could have significant implications for the political stability and governance of Puntland, as well as for the role of international actors in regional politics.